In this article, we are going to discuss how to interpret the semen analysis. If you are trying for a baby, the results from a semen analysis can be helpful and identifying specific fertility problems.
Semen quality is known to vary greatly between samples. So it is important to produce at least two or better three of them. Each analysis should be done at least two to three weeks apart. This will ensure that the sperm cells included in each sample are different each time. This will provide a much more accurate picture of your overall fertility level. Read more about semen quality here – wikipedia.
You may be wondering where and how you can do a semen analysis. You can buy fertility kits for use at home. But we do not recommend to d this. The results will not be as comprehensive most likely wrong because they are not laboratory’s quality.
The best place to do a male fertility test is in a fertility clinic. It should cost no more that the equivalent of about 100 euros.
There are several important parts to a semen analysis.
The first is measuring how many sperm the man produces in total. Sperm count is defined by how many sperm is each milliliter of sperm. A concentration of more than 20 million sperm per milliliter is considered the minimum acceptable sperm count for a fertile man by the World Health Organization. Any number below this is considered a low sperm count.
Next is the quality of the sperm shapes. During semen analysis, sperm is analyzed under a microscope to evaluate tale, middle, head shape, and measurements. The semen analysis report then often tells you a percentage of abnormal forms. The perfect sperm shape is not produced in high clusters. So if you the percentage of normally shaped sperm is less than 4% it is considered low by the World Health Organization. And you may find conception especially difficult.
The third part is the sperm motility which measures the quality of their forward movement. You are looking for a minimum of 32% progressive forward movement in your swimmers.
The fourth is the total semen volume of the sample. This is measured to define if there is a barrier of the seminal vesicles. Anything below 2 milliliters may signify a blockage.
Sometimes sperm vitality will be measured. Anything below 60% of living sperm can also suggest an infection indicated by high levels of white blood cells often called parcels.
This information is also included in a semen analysis. Even if there are no noticeable signs of infection, it may be wise to investigate and possibly determine a course of antibiotics.
PH and fructose levels are also usually measured. Semen with a low PH or the lack of fructose may indicate the blockage within the seminal vesicles – the glands which produce most of the fluid which become semen. Semen with a high PH could suggest an infection. An ideal PH would be between 7.2 and 7.8.
Always keep in mind that many external factors can significantly influence your results. These include diet, the physical trauma of the tests, exposure to high temperatures and even radiation such as Bluetooth signal from your mobile phone.
Learn more about semen analysis on healthline.